Taxonomy of Leadership Theories
in my next blogs, I have reviewed and evaluated the nature of leadership styles and their theories. My post summarizes findings from research on authentic leadership, leader-member exchange, servant leadership, and situational leadership. Examples of a servant leader and situational leader were integrated as a framework to show how the different theories can be viewed in a real case scenario.
Researchers have discovered that, by serving and supporting organizational members, leaders can create a positive and productive environment (Cubero, 2007; Avolio, Walumbwa, & Weber, 2009; Liden, Wayne, Liao, & Meuser, 2014). Leadership style plays a role in followers’ perceptions of an organization. The leadership style is often more important that the leaders opinion (Cubero, 2007). By satisfying followers through listening to their needs, adapting to their situation, creating a positive exchange, and building trust, leaders and followers together will have the tools needed to create and innovate within the organization (Hassanzadeh, 2014)
The study of leadership spans more than 100 years McCleskey (2014). Leadership has gained attention of researchers worldwide (Northouse, 2013). Leadership style influences followers, and it is an important component of a leader (Cubero, 2007). Leadership research has conceptualized leadership as being an extraordinary ability of certain individuals (McCleskey, 2014). My post will focus on four concepts of leadership: servant, authentic, situation, and leader-manager exchange. The next blog post begins with authentic leadership.